The Powerful Benefits of Hemp Roots: The Hidden Part of Cannabis

Cannabis and Hemp (which is the more industrial version of Cannabis) have proven time and time again to be billion-dollar cash crops.

The States that have legalized their use have seen an astounding increase in tax revenue created by the plant.

We know it has at least 50,000 known uses, and we’ve been using Cannabis for many of those things since before we even started recording human history.

We know all about how to use it’s leaves, its fiber, leaves, flowers, oils, resins, etc.. But when it comes to the roots of the plant, they tend to get overlooked.

The first mention of hemp root as medicine can be found in the ancient Chinese pharmacopoeia, the Shen Nung Pên-ts’ao Ching, as early as the third millennium BCE.

It is stated that the juice of the root has diuretic properties, as well as being useful in assisting the cessation of hemorrhage after childbirth.

Beyond its use in medicine, various Chinese texts attest to the importance of hemp root in ‘gunpowder’ preparations — it is roasted and powdered, before being mixed with bamboo root, pine pitch and various other substances, and ignited.

There are several variations on the basic recipe, which result in incendiary powders, balls for catapults (which would ignite upon impact), smoke-powders and hand-grenades.

Elsewhere, it is stated that a paste made from the roots was used to relieve the pain of broken bones and surgical procedures.

The Roman historian Pliny wrote in his Natural Histories, published circa 77-79 CE, that hemp root boiled in water could be used to relieve stiffness in the joints, gout and related conditions.

He also noted that the root could be placed raw on burn wounds, but needed to be changed frequently to prevent drying out.

Later, between the 4th and 5th centuries (CE), the Gaulish chronicler Marcellus Empiricus recorded in his opus De Medicamentis that the root was wrapped around the right arm, ostensibly as a treatment for worms.

Azerbaijani manuscripts written between the 9th and the 18th centuries (CE) also attest to widespread usage of hemp root decoctions (boiled extracts) and bandages for their antiseptic and antipyretic (fever-reducing) properties, particularly in the treatment of abscesses, ulcers and toothaches.

Many herbals from the medieval and Early Modern periods have survived to the present, and references to hemp abound. Mentions of the root itself are few, but there are occasional notes.

The Italian herbalist, Andreas Matthioli, wrote in the Old German Neuw Krëuterbuch (ca. 1550) that poultices made from the water-soaked roots were effective against gout and arthritis, as well as ulcers of the soft tissues.

In 1564, Tabernaemontanus, another Italian herbalist, made similar notes.

A little more recently, early European settlers of the American continent brought many plants across the oceans with them, some of which were incorporated into the pharmacopeia of the indigenous peoples.

Hemp became particularly important, and the root was apparently used to treat inflammation, joint pain, gout and muscular atrophy.

By the later part of the 17th century, various herbals were recommending it, for the above purposes as well as to treat incontinence and venereal disease.

A 1985 book by Nancy Locke Doane, which claims to be compiled from the records of her settler grandmother Minnie Susan Decker, goes into the herbal hemp remedies used during this time in some detail.

In Europe, Culpeper’s Complete Herbal of 1653 described hemp root as being ‘a good remedy for a dry cough’, and also reported it to be effective against jaundice, colic, heavy bleeding, wasting of the tendons and various other complaints. He also mentions use of the fresh root-juice to treat burns.

In 1696, a German physician in the employ of the Dutch Crown, Georg Eberhard Rumpf, reported on the use of hemp root against gonorrhea in Indonesia.

The 1764 New English Dispensatory recommended boiled hemp root for inflammation of the skin, a treatment long used by the people of eastern Europe.

The ointment could also be used to reduce the size of tumors and break down deposits in the joints (such as those caused by gout).

In the mid-19th century, a German text written by a woman named Rath Schlosser mentioned a complicated recipe in which the ashes of burnt hemp root are made into lye (sodium hydroxide, also known as caustic soda), then used to wash the hair and head — which is first covered with honey, presumably to guard against skin irritation or indeed corrosion.

This treatment was believed to cause hair to regenerate — it is not clear if there is any basis for this, but their perceived effectiveness was certainly great enough that they were recorded for future generations.

Perhaps their effects were coincidental, or placebo, but research may well also find that there is some truth in the folklore.

Certainly traditional hemp root remedies have persisted in many countries — for example Argentina, where a 1960 study reported that the root-bark is collected in spring and boiled to make a tonic that eases dysentery and other gastrointestinal complaints.

In much of the world, the main methods of preparation have been remarkably consistent through time, as have the various complaints it is credited with helping.

The root is either applied raw, dried, boiled, soaked, roasted or occasionally reduced to ash. If boiled for a short time it can be drunk as a tea; if boiled for a longer time it reduces to a thick, dark extract resembling pitch or heavy oil.

If it is dried — or roasted — and ground it forms a powder that can be rendered into salves or poultices; soaking it (usually after deconstructing it into its long component fibers) can produce a soothing, moist bandage for inflamed, burned or irritated skin.

A handful of studies look at the composition of hemp root and its medical potential.

A 1971 study found that the roots contain terpenes — the fragrant resins for which Cannabis is widely known; these are the main constituents of the essential oils of many plants.

Some terpenes, are thought to have a humectant, expectorant effect, which may benefit those suffering from bronchial illnesses.

Friedelin is one terpene that has been definitely identified in hemp root, and has been independently found to be anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and analgesic in effect; epifriedelinol is another, present in many medicinal herbs — although its exact effect is unknown.

Other research has shown that the roots contain significant concentrations of alkaloids, including piperidine and pyrrolidine, which are highly important in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals; choline, a dietary amine that is essential for the integrity of cell membranes; and atropine — a powerful alkaloid, usually extracted from the belladonna (deadly nightshade) plant, which when used as eye-drops famously dilates the pupil.

When ingested as a supplement, atropine can reduce bronchial secretions, and relaxes the muscles and glands of the parasympathetic nervous system, which controls the function of most of the internal organs.

It is thought to be helpful for correct function of the digestive system and kidneys, as well as sexual arousal.

Hemp root has also been found to contain other alkaloid groups known as phenolic amides and lignanamides, believed to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.

There is some suggestion that two alkaloids present in hemp root, Cannabisativine and isoCannabisativine, adversely affect the central nervous system and are hepatotoxic (toxic to the liver).

However, some research points to the existence of spermidine in these alkaloids, which has anti-aging cellular properties and may also benefit those suffering from Type II diabetes.

Research into this has been limited, and it is unclear if there is an entirely safe method of ingesting hemp root extracts.

The pure, boiled extract should not be taken internally, although a tea boiled for less time, as previously stated, may have beneficial effects.

A 2008 study performed at Leiden University in the Netherlands, which processed hemp root with various different solvents to extract the active ingredients, found the resulting substance to be a mixture of lipids and sugars, with some other compounds mixed in.

Although they acknowledge that the procedure led to various constituents being destroyed, they did discover the presence of a glycoside, a type of organic molecule that can helped to eliminate poisons from the body by binding with them chemically and rendering them inactive.

The original hypothesis was that acetylcholine esterase inhibitors, which are often alkaloid, would be found in hemp root — THC itself is considered to be an important inhibitor in its own right, and the researchers believed that other similar compounds could be identified.

While results were inconclusive, there is potential for future studies to be undertaken, shedding further light on the issue.

For those who wish to experiment with making their own hemp root extract, there are recipes available online, or in some of the herbals mentioned previously.

One recent source describes breaking up the root-mass into small chunks, then placing it into a slow cooker with water and oil in a 3:1 ratio (e.g. six cups water, two cups oil — an effective way to dissolve the active ingredients in the oil without ‘frying’ them), and leaving it to simmer for 12-14 hours, making sure to add water if it begins to dry out.

The mixture is then strained and frozen; the oil is poured off the ice it rests upon and heated gently with beeswax until the desired room-temperature consistency is achieved.

It is also possible to experiment with various other ingredients, both during the initial boiling process — where leaves and barks such as sage or cinnamon could be added — and during the final mixing stages, where it would be more advisable to use extracts and essential oils.

This recipe is said to be highly effective at relieving muscle and joint pain, stiffness and spasticity when applied topically. Currently, there are very few hemp root products on the market.

One exception is Hemp-Eaze™, developed by Darcy Stoddard of the Tierra Sol Farm, a small initiative based in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada mountains.

Hemp-Eaze™ is a range of organic creams, lotions and balms that are reported to reduce the symptoms of various conditions including eczema, psoriasis, fibromyalgia and arthritis.

As well as those products designed for topical application a bath soak is also available, helpful for general aches and pains, and very soothing.

There is also a spray for pets, which eases aches and pains, irritated skin and even conjunctivitis. The main ingredient in the Hemp-Eaze™ range is hemp root, but there are many other natural ingredients such as feverfew, hyssop and comfrey root.

For now, hemp root products are thin on the ground, but as research into the Cannabis plant continues apace, there will no doubt be others joining Hemp-Eaze™ in their efforts to bring this intriguing root the recognition it deserves.

There is definite consistency in the accounts of hemp root’s importance in herbalism, throughout history and in every corner of the globe.

Initial research has strongly suggested that a powerful medicine lurks below the soil that nourishes this beautiful plant, and we would be short-sighted to ignore its potential any longer.

There is a use for every other part of the Cannabis plant, and those uses have been exploited increasingly intensively in recent years.

Our knowledge of the medicinal properties of Cannabis is so great at this stage that it seems ludicrous that we have not explored the vast potential of the mysterious root a little more deeply.

By Lara Starr / Many thanks to Cannabis.info for all this amazing and highly useful information. Feature Picture: Prensa 420

Indian State Plants 50 Million Trees In 24 Hours, Sets World Record

Indian women plant saplings on the outskirts of Allahabad, India, Monday, July 11, 2016. Hundreds of thousands of people in India’s most populous state Uttar Pradesh jostled for space as they attempted to plant 50 million trees over  24 hours to set a world record. (AP Photo/Rajesh Kumar Singh

Indian women plant saplings on the outskirts of Allahabad, India, Monday, July 11, 2016. Hundreds of thousands of people in India’s most populous state Uttar Pradesh jostled for space as they attempted to plant 50 million trees over 24 hours to set a world record. (AP Photo/Rajesh Kumar Singh

By Amanda Froelich | True Activist

India is looking a lot greener lately, especially since men and women in the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India joined together to plant 50 million trees in a single day earlier this week. The activists took on the task of reforesting the Indian state not only to improve the environment, but to claim massive bragging rights.

Over 800,000 people, including students, lawmakers, government officials, housewives, and volunteers from nonprofit organizations participated in the planting millions of saplings across the state. Their efforts resulted in the country claiming the Guinness World Records title for the most trees planted in a day. Previously, Pakistan held the record after planting 847,275 in 2013.

80 different species of trees from over 950 different nurseries were handed out to individuals who chose to partake, reports ABC News. The trees were planted at designated spots along country roads and highways, rail tracks and forest lands.

Reportedly, the collaborative effort took place to raise awareness about the government’s massive nation-wide plan to make India green again. As was agreed at the Paris Climate Change Conference, the county aims to increase the forest cover to 95 million hectares (235 million acres) by 2030. To ensure this endeavor succeeds, the government is investing $6.2 billion. At present, 29 more states have been encouraged by the government to start tree-planting drives to increase the country’s forest cover.

Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav told volunteers:

“The world has realized that serious efforts are needed to reduce carbon emissions to mitigate the effects of global climate change.”

While only 60% of the saplings that were planted are expected to survive, the effort will help improve the quality of India’s air, which is a very real concern. According to a recent report, six Indian cities – Gwalior, Allahabad, Patna, Raipur, Ludhiana, and Delhi – were among the top 10 most polluted cities in the world.


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Meet The Model-Turned-Activist Who Cares For 500 Plants In Her NYC Apartment

“I think that the only way I’ve really been able to survive in New York is by surrounding myself with plants,” says the activist, entrepreneur, model, and gardener.

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Meet Summer Rayne Oakes, a “model-turned-sustainable-clothing-activist-turned-sustainable-food-movement-activist” who is based in New York City and is inspiring the world with her diverse and unique offerings. Not only did Oakes model, she received her environmental science degree, recently wrote a book, presently heads up marketing for Foodstand, which aims to “connect a community of good eaters,” and launched a service to connect designers with sustainable fabrics.

Yes, Oakes is one of the few Renaissance women in this age. But, it’s not her ethical pursuits that have gained her recent attention, it’s the 1,200 square-foot apartment in NYC that she’s lived in for the past eleven years.

Growing plants in an apartment can be a difficult task, but Oakes makes it look easy. From an irrigated vertical garden constructed out of mason jars and edible plants to a closet garden and even a living wall, the intriguing activist cares for 500 plants in her abode.

She told Modern Farmer: 

“I think that the only way I’ve really been able to survive in New York is by surrounding myself with plants.”

This is because she grew up on five acres of land in rural northeastern Pennsylvania, alongside chickens, goats, and an orchard. The limitations of living in an urban environment and gardening have been a challenge, but she’s overcome them with ingenuity. She says:

“I’m lucky that I have windows on both sides of my house, one south-facing, which gets a lot of light, and one north-facing. In the windows is where I have more of the light-necessary plants, like ivy, which I can’t eat, and herbs.”

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

The eco-conscious consumer has done her best to make her apartment as green as possible. A vermiculture kit is situated beneath the sink, a compost bin catches all scraps, and both an LED lighting system and a sub-irrigation system for plants have been installed.

“I think my ultimate goal is to, like, homestead in Brooklyn,” she says. “But I might have to move to a different place because I don’t know if my landlord would take to bees on the roof or chickens.”

Following are some incredible photos of the model-turned-activist’s apartment which is overflowing with various kinds of plants:

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Watering the plants takes “about a half an hour every day, which I view as more of a meditative experience,” Oakes says. “And then once a week I probably spend a good hour, hour and a half doing composting, clipping back, that kind of stuff.”

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

“I have over 500 plants,” says Oakes. “Will I get more? It really depends on whether I can fit them.”

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Anything that can be used to house a plant is, like these recycled tea tins.

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Miniature Greenhouses

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

“Obviously sometimes it’s for the novelty rather than ‘oh, I’m going to eat for the week,’” says Oakes, but some of her plants, especially the herbs and greens, produce enough for her needs.

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

Credit: Aliza Eliazarov via Modern Farmer

What are your thoughts? Please comment below and share this news!


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Sperm Whales Found Dead In Germany, Stomachs FULL Of Plastic And Car Parts

The whales’ deaths are symbolic of humanity’s shocking disregard for marine life.

Credit: Facebook

Credit: Facebook

In January, 29 sperm whales were found stranded on shores around the North Sea, an area that is too shallow for the marine wildlife. Only recently were details of the animals’ necropsy released. However, scientists were deeply disturbed by what they found in the animals’ stomachs.

According to a press release from Wadden Sea National Park in Schleswig-Holstein, many of the whales had stomachs FULL of plastic debris, including a 13-meter-long fishing net, a 70 cm piece of plastic from a car and other pieces of plastic litter.

Some suggest that the animals thought the items were food, such as squid, which is their main staple. Others, however, believe that the travesty is largely a result of humanity’s shocking disregard for marine life, which has resulted in an overabundance of plastic in the oceans.

Said Robert Habeck, environment minister for the state of Schleswig-Holstein:

“These findings show us the results of our plastic-oriented society. Animals inadvertently consume plastic and plastic waste, which causes them to suffer, and at worst, causes them to starve with full stomachs.”

Nicola Hodgkins of Whale and Dolphin Conservation echoed that statement. She stated:

“Although the large pieces will cause obvious problems and block the gut, we shouldn’t dismiss the smaller bits that could cause a more chronic problem for all species of cetacean – not just those who suction feed.”

This isn’t the first time a sperm whale has been found dead with innards full of inedible contents. In 2011, a young whale was found floating dead off the Greek island of Mykonos. Its stomach was so distended, biologists thought the animal swallowed a giant squid. However, when its four stomachs were dissected, nearly 100 plastic bags and other pieces of debris were found.

It should be noted that the plastic is not what killed the young male sperm whales. According to National Geographic, they died of heart failure. This was a result of mistakenly swimming into the North Sea, likely in search of squid, and then not being able to support their own body weights in the shallow water. As a result, their internal organs collapsed.

Regardless, the fact that many of their stomachs were full of pollution is a horrible indictment of humans. As has been reported in the past, 80% of the plastic which is discarded on land ends up in the oceans, where it is consumed by wildlife or swirls for years in great garbage patches. The fact that mankind – a species with a smaller brain than a whale – is responsible for such a travesty is ironic and saddening.

Until humans learn the value of living sustainably while respecting all life forms, travesties such as this one will continue to take place.

What are your thoughts? Please comment below and share this news!


This article (Sperm Whales Found Dead In Germany, Stomachs FULL Of Plastic And Car Parts) is free and open source. You have permission to republish this article under a Creative Commons license with attribution to the author and TrueActivist.com

Sperm Whales Found Dead In Germany, Stomachs FULL Of Plastic And Car Parts

The whales’ deaths are symbolic of humanity’s shocking disregard for marine life.

Credit: Facebook

Credit: Facebook

In January, 29 sperm whales were found stranded on shores around the North Sea, an area that is too shallow for the marine wildlife. Only recently were details of the animals’ necropsy released. However, scientists were deeply disturbed by what they found in the animals’ stomachs.

According to a press release from Wadden Sea National Park in Schleswig-Holstein, many of the whales had stomachs FULL of plastic debris, including a 13-meter-long fishing net, a 70 cm piece of plastic from a car and other pieces of plastic litter.

Some suggest that the animals thought the items were food, such as squid, which is their main staple. Others, however, believe that the travesty is largely a result of humanity’s shocking disregard for marine life, which has resulted in an overabundance of plastic in the oceans.

Said Robert Habeck, environment minister for the state of Schleswig-Holstein:

“These findings show us the results of our plastic-oriented society. Animals inadvertently consume plastic and plastic waste, which causes them to suffer, and at worst, causes them to starve with full stomachs.”

Nicola Hodgkins of Whale and Dolphin Conservation echoed that statement. She stated:

“Although the large pieces will cause obvious problems and block the gut, we shouldn’t dismiss the smaller bits that could cause a more chronic problem for all species of cetacean – not just those who suction feed.”

This isn’t the first time a sperm whale has been found dead with innards full of inedible contents. In 2011, a young whale was found floating dead off the Greek island of Mykonos. Its stomach was so distended, biologists thought the animal swallowed a giant squid. However, when its four stomachs were dissected, nearly 100 plastic bags and other pieces of debris were found.

It should be noted that the plastic is not what killed the young male sperm whales. According to National Geographic, they died of heart failure. This was a result of mistakenly swimming into the North Sea, likely in search of squid, and then not being able to support their own body weights in the shallow water. As a result, their internal organs collapsed.

Regardless, the fact that many of their stomachs were full of pollution is a horrible indictment of humans. As has been reported in the past, 80% of the plastic which is discarded on land ends up in the oceans, where it is consumed by wildlife or swirls for years in great garbage patches. The fact that mankind – a species with a smaller brain than a whale – is responsible for such a travesty is ironic and saddening.

Until humans learn the value of living sustainably while respecting all life forms, travesties such as this one will continue to take place.

What are your thoughts? Please comment below and share this news!


This article (Sperm Whales Found Dead In Germany, Stomachs FULL Of Plastic And Car Parts) is free and open source. You have permission to republish this article under a Creative Commons license with attribution to the author and TrueActivist.com